Qualification For Jury Membership



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ARTICLE VIII
QUALIFICATION FOR
JURY MEMBERSHIP

Section 1. Requirement for Jury Membership:

(a) No person shall be chosen to serve as a juror in the grand jury or trial jury unless such person is a citizen of the Philippines and resident of the congressional district in which he shall be chosen as a juror. For membership in the grand jury, he must be at least 23 years old and must possess a bachelor degree in college with a diploma. For membership in the Trial Jury, he must be at least 18 years old and must possess an average intelligence and at least a high school graduate or with an equivalent informal education or training.

(b) No person shall be rejected to serve as a juror in a grand jury or trial jury on the basis of his ethnicity, creed, color, gender, marital or financial status in the community.

(c) No person who has been a member of any fraternal or sorority organization in any college or university shall qualify as a juror in a grand jury.

(d) A person who is obviously suffering from insanity, imbecility or mental incapacity shall not be permitted to serve as a juror.

(e) Unless specifically disqualified in this law to serve as a juror, lack of any legal education or knowledge of law shall not excuse any citizen for disobedience to a summons for jury duty and shall be subject to contempt of court for refusing to serve for jury duty.

Section 2. No public official or any person serving in any government entity or branch of government service, office, or commission, police or armed services, or government owned corporation or quasi-government entity or a relative by blood or affinity within the first and second degree or household servant of such public official or person shall qualify as a juror in a grand jury or trial jury. No lawyer or a person with comparable knowledge of law shall be seated in a trial jury and no such lawyer shall be allowed to claim ignorance of this rule.

Section 3. No public official or any person shall have the right to demand upon a jury or any of its members for an explanation, written or verbally, from its verdict or judgment pursuant to the concept that “a servant has no power to demand for any reason from the decision in good faith of his master.”

Section 4. No person who has been separated or retired from public service in the government shall be seated as a juror in either juries until the lapse of twenty four (24) months from the date of his separation or retirement from public service.

Section 5. No person who has been convicted in court for a crime involving moral turpitude including any other crime punishable by imprisonment of one (1) year or more shall be seated as a juror.

Section 6. No person who is a datu, bai, or a sultan or a member of a royal clan or ruling family, or any person who claims to be a datu, bai, or sultan or member of such royal clan or ruling family shall qualify to serve as a juror in either juries.

Section 7. No citizen shall be served with summons for jury duty more than once each year regardless of whether such juror is seated or not in a jury trial.

Section 8. Regardless of whether the juror who reported for jury duty has been seated or not in a jury trial, he shall be entitled a full day juror's fee.

Section 9. The rate of the juror's fee shall be equivalent to the minimum wage of government employees in the locality where the citizen shall be serving his jury duty.

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